Research Group Wilfried Nörtershäuser
Experimental Atomic and Nuclear Physics with Radioactive Nuclides

Laser Spectroscopy of Radioactive Isotopes -Survey

Optical spectroscopy experiments on radionuclides performed on-line and published since January 1988 when the compilation by E.W. Otten[1] was closed for additional data. Data compiled and evaluated in [1] are indicated in the reference column as “Table x”. For the investigated isotopes the following information is given: the name of the element, the proton number Z, the mass number A of the isotopes measured, the experimental data obtained, the technique applied, the radioactive ion beam facility used, and the reference. Data published in refereed journals are compiled since January 1988.

R. Neugart
Collinear laser spectroscopy on unstable isotopes – A tool of nuclear physics
Hyp. Int. 24, 159-180 (1985)
E.W. Otten
Nuclear radii and moments of unstable isotopes, in Treatise on heavy-ion science
D.A. Bromley, Editor. 1989. p. 517-638
J. Billowes and P. Campbell
High-resolution laser spectroscopy for the study of nuclear sizes and shapes
J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 21, 707-739 (1995)
R. Neugart
Lasers in nuclear physics --A review
Eur. Phys. J. A 15, 35-39 (2002)
R. Neugart and G. Neyens
Nuclear Moments
Lecture Notes in Physics 700, 135-189 (2006)
B. Cheal and K. T. Flanagan
Progress in laser spectroscopy at radioactive ion beam facilities
J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 37, 113101 (2010)
V. N. Fedosseev, Yu. Kudryavtsev and V. I. Mishin
Resonance laser ionization of atoms for nuclear physics
Phys. Scr. 85, 058104 (2012)
K. Blaum, J. Dilling and W. Nörtershäuser
Precision atomic physics techniques for nuclear physics with radioactive beams
Phys. Scr. T152, 014017 (2013) | arXiv:1210.4045
B.A. Marsh, B. Andel, A.N. Andreyev, S. Antalic, D. Atanasov, A.E. Barzakh, B. Bastin, Ch. Borgmann, L. Capponi, T.E. Cocolios, T. Day Goodacre, M. Dehairs, X. Derkx, H. De Witte, D.V. Fedorov, V.N. Fedosseev, G.J. Focker, D.A. Fink, K.T. Flanagan, S. Franchoo, L. Ghys, M. Huyse, N. Imai, Z. Kalaninova, U. Köster, S. Kreim, N. Kesteloot, Yu. Kudryavtsev, J. Lane, N. Lecesne, V. Liberati, D. Lunney, K.M. Lynch, V. Manea, P.L. Molkanov, T. Nicol, D. Pauwels, L. Popescu, D. Radulov, E. Rapisarda, M. Rosenbusch, R.E. Rossel, S. Rothe, L. Schweikhard, M.D. Seliverstov, S. Sels, A.M. Sjödin, V. Truesdale, C. Van Beveren, P. Van Duppen, K. Wendt, F. Wienholtz, R.N. Wolf, S.G. Zemlyanoy
New developments of the in-source spectroscopy method at RILIS/ISOLDE
Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 317, 550-556 (2013)
P. Campbell, I. D. Moore and M. R. Pearson
Laser spectroscopy for nuclear structure physics
Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 86, 127-180 (2016)
R. Neugart, J. Billowes, M. L. Bissell, K. Blaum, B. Cheal, K. T. Flanagan, G. Neyens, W. Nörtershäuser and D. T. Yordanov
Collinear laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE: new methods and highlights
J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 44, 064002 (2017)
M. Block, M. Laatiaoui, S. Raeder
Recent progress in laser spectroscopy of the actinides
Progress In Particle And Nuclear Physics 116, 103834 (2021)
Abbreviations
ABS: atomic beam spectroscopy; ATS: Atom Trap Spectroscopy; β: beta-decay detection; β-NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance with detection by β-decay asymmetry; β-NQR: zero-field nuclear quadrupole resonance with detection by β-decay asymmetry; COMPLIS: COllaboration for laser spectroscopy Measurements using a Pulsed Laser Ion Source; CRIS: Collinear Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy; CS: collinear spectroscopy; FC: Frequency-Comb; GCS: gas cell spectroscopy; IGLIS: In-Gas Laser Ionization and Spectroscopy; IS-RIS: In-Source Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy; ITS: Ion Trap Spectroscopy; LIF: laser induced fluorescence; LIOP-SGA: Laser-induced Optical pumping of an atomic beam Stern Gerlach Analyzer; LIS: laser ion source; LPOPA: Larmor Precession of Optically Pumped Atoms; MOT: magneto-optical trap; MR-TOF: Multi-Reflection Time-of-Flight; MWDR: microwave double-resonance; NDD: Nuclear Decay Detection; OP: optical pumping; PICO: Photon-Ion-Coincidence; PI-ICR: Phase-Imaging Ion-Cyclotron-Resonance; PI-LIST: Perpendicularly Illuminated Laser Ion Source and Trap; PTS: Paul-Trap Spectroscopy; RADOP: beta-Radiation Detected Optical Pumping; RADRIS: nuclear radiation detected resonance ionization spectroscopy; RFQ: radio frequency ion trap; RIMS: resonance ionization mass spectroscopy; RIS + SSGJ: resonance ionization spectroscopy in a supersonic gas jet; SEOP: Spin-Exchange Optical Pumping; SPOP: State Population by optical Pumping in RFQ; SSCI: state selective collissional ionization; SSN: state selective neutralization
Z A Data Technique Facility Reference

He

2
6 δ<r2> ATS Argonne NL [2, WWW]
6, 8 δ<r2> ATS Argonne NL [119]





Li





3
6-9, 11 I, μI, Qs CS + OP + β-NMR [Arn87a, Arn87b]
11 Qs CS + OP + β-NMR ISOLDE [3, ,4]
6-9 δ<r2> RIMS GSI [5, 6, ToPLiS]
6-9,11 δ<r2> RIMS ISAC, TRIUMF [79, 112, 113] [ToPLiS]
8,9 μI, Qs CS + OP + β-NMR ISOLDE [77]
9,11 I, Qs CS + OP + β-NMR ISOLDE [86]
9 Qs OP + β-NQR TRIUMF [111]
11 Qs β-NQR TRIUMF [139]





Be





4
11 μI LIS+ CS + β-NMR ISOLDE [7]
7, 9-11 μI, δ<r2> FC + CS ISOLDE [88]
7 μI ITS + Cooling + MWDR RIKEN [89]
12 δ<r2> FC + CS+ PICO ISOLDE [120]
11 μI ITS + Cooling + MWDR RIKEN [137]
7, 9-12 ΔνIS FC + CS ISOLDE [147]
7, 9-12 δ<r2> FC + CS + PICO ISOLDE [164]
B 5 10, 11 δ<r2> RIMS off-line [188]


Ne


10
17-26, 28 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSCI + β ISOLDE [8, 75]
17-22 δ<r2> CS + SSCI + β ISOLDE [87]
17-19, 21-26, 28 δ<r2> CS + SSCI + β ISOLDE [116]




Na




11
21-31 δ<r2>, μI, I LIOP-SGA + MWDR ISOLDE [Hub78]
21-31 δ<r2>, Qs LIOP-SGA + MWDR ISOLDE [Tor85]
20 μI RADOP Karlsruhe [Schw75]
21 Δνhfs neutral atom trap Berkeley [9]
26-29
27-31
31
Qs
μI
I

CS+ β-NMR

ISOLDE

[10]
26-31 μI CS+ β-NMR ISOLDE [209]




Mg




12
31 I, μI CS+ OP + β-NMR ISOLDE [76]
21 I, μI CS + β-NMR ISOLDE [95]
27, 29, 31 I, μI CS + LIF ISOLDE [82]
33 I, μI CS + OP + β-NMR ISOLDE [85]
21-32 δ<r2> CS + OP + β-NMR ISOLDE [118]
23 I, μI CS ISOLDE [166]

Al
13 26 μI ABS off-line [126, 127]
27-32 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ off-line [208]

Ar

18
32-40, 46 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSCI + β ISOLDE [11]
40-44 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSCI + β ISOLDE [91]







K







19
36-47 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> [74]
36 μI RADOP Karlsruhe [Schw75]
37 μI RADOP Karlsruhe [Köp69]
38-47 μI, δ<r2> LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Tou82]
49, 51 I, μI CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [130]
38, 39, 42, 44, 46–51 I, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [133]
38, 38m δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [136]
39, 47, 49, 51 μI CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [138]
36, 37 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [152]
38-47 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [195]
48-52 δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [214]





Ca





20
41,43,45 Qs, δ<r2> ABS [Ber80]
41-48 δ<r2>, μI ABS Karlsruhe [And82]
40-48 δ<r2> CS + SSN ISOLDE [12]
50 δ<r2> CS + SSN + β ISOLDE [13]
39 δ<r2> CS + SSN + β ISOLDE [14]
49, 51 I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [142]
49-52 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [154]
36-39 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [187]
37, 39 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [190]

Sc

21
43-46, 44m, 45m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [100]
42, 42m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [215]
40 μI, Qs, CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [230]
47, 49 μI, Qs, CS + cooler RFQ & CRIS ISOLDE [232]
Ti 22 44, 45 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [15], [15a]



Mn



25
50-56, 50m, 52m δ<r2>, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [99]
51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63 μI, I CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [148]
54, 56, 58, 60, 62, 64, 58m, 60m, 62m μI, I CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [149]
51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [157]
51, 53−64 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ + SPOP ISOLDE [163]

Fe

26
52, 53 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [161]
53 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [176]
Ni 28 58, 60-62, 64, 68 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [199]
54 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [227]
58-68, 70 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [228]
55, 56 δ<r2>, μI CS + cooler RFQ NSCL [234]







Cu







29
68g,m; 70g,m1,m2 μI IS-RIS ISOLDE [16]
57,59 μI IGLIS LISOL [96]
58,59 μI, Is IS-RIS ISOLDE [90]
71,73,75 μI, I IS-RIS + CS ISOLDE [94]
57, 58, 59, 60 μI, I IGLIS LISOL [108]
61-75, 68m, 70m1,m2 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [109]
58-62 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [114]
75,77,78 μI, I IS-RIS ISOLDE [122]
58-75 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [156]
73-78 μI, Qs CRIS ISOLDE [171]
63-66, 68-78, 68m,70m1,m2 δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [200]


Zn


30
79 I, μI, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [155]
63, 65, 67, …, 79, 69m, 71m, 73m, … 79m I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [167]
73m I CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [178]
62-80, 69m, 71m, 73m, … 79m δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [192]




Ga




31
67,69,71,73,75,77,79,81 I, μI, Qs IS-RIS ISOLDE [97]
80m I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [107]
72,74,76,78 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [115]
63,64,66,68-82,80m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [123]
82 I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [124]
65,67,69,75,79-82 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [172]
Ge 32 69, 71, 73 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [205]


Kr


36
88, 90 δ<r2> CS TRISTAN [17]
72, 74-96, 79m, 81m, 83m, 85m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSCI ISOLDE [18]
72, 74-96, 79m, 81m, 83m, 85m δ<r2> CS + SSCI ISOLDE [19]




Rb




37
76-98, 78m, 81m, 82m, 84m, 86m, 90m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Thi81]
82 hfs neutral atom trap Los Alamos [20]
74, 75 δ<r2>, I CS + cooler RFQ TRIUMF [121]
98m1 98m2 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ TRIUMF [141]
98, 98m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ TRIUMF [150]





Sr





38
80-90, 85m, 87m μI, Qs, δ<r2> ABS [Buc85, Ans86, Ans87]
78-84 δ<r2> CS + PICO Daresbury [Eas87]
92, 94, 96, 98, 100 δ<r2> CS + SSN ISOLDE [Sil88]
79, 81, 83m, 87m, 89, 91, 93, 95, 97 μI, Qs CS + SSN ISOLDE [Buc87a, Buc87b]
78-98, 100, 83m, 85m, 87m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [21]
99 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSN ISOLDE [22]
77 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSN ISOLDE [23]
77-100 δ<r2> CS + SSN ISOLDE [19]




Y




39
86-90, 92-102, 87m, 88m, 89m, 90m, 93m, 96m, 97m, 97m2, 98m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + LIF JYFL [80]
100m I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ + SPOP Jyväskylä [110]
97m2 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [78]
89, 96, 98 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ + SPOP Jyväskylä [177]

Zr

40
96-102 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [24]
87-89, 87m, 89m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [15, 25]
Nb 41 90-93, 90m, 91m, 99,101,103 δ<r2> OP Jyväskylä [98]
Mo 42 90,91,102-106,108 μI, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [92]
Tc 43 97, 98 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS + PI-LIST RISIKO, Mainz [207]
Pd 46 98-102, 104-106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [231]

Ag

47
101, 103-105, 105m, 106m, 107, 109 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS [26]
97-101 I, μI, δ<r2> IGLIS LISOL [131]
96-104, 107, 109, 114-121, 99m δ<r2> CS, IS-RIS + PI-ICR Jyväskylä [216]




Cd




48
102-116, 118, 120, 111m, 113m, 115m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> GCS ISOLDE [Buc87c]
107,109,111,…,129, 111m,113m,115m,…,129m I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [128]
107, 109, 111,…, 125, 111m, 113m, 115m,,…, 125m I, μI, Qs CS ISOLDE [143]
111m-129m δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [162]
101, 103, 105, 107, 109 I, μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [181]
100-130 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [183]



In



49
107- 109, 110m, 111 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [Ulm85]
105,106 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [Loc85]
108,108m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [Ebe86]
104, 112, 112m, 114, 115m, 116-126, 116m-126m, 127 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [Ebe87b]
104-127, 108m, 115m-126m δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [196]






Sn






50
110-121, 117m, 121m μI, Qs, δ<r2> ABS Karlsruhe [Ans86b]
108-112, 114-120, 122, 124 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [Ebe87]
126-132, 125m, 127m, 129m, 130m, 131m δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [27]
126-132, 125m, 127m, 129m, 130m, 131m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [83]
108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [189]
109, 115, 117, …, 131, 117m, 119m, …, 131m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [202]
133 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [204]
Sb 51 133, 134m μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [217]

Te

52
133, 135, 125m, 127m, 129m, 131m, 133m I, μI, Qs COMPLIS ISOLDE [101]
132, 134, 136 δ<r2> COMPLIS ISOLDE [102]

Xe

54
116-146 (even), 129, 131, 137, 139, 141, 143 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + SSCI ISOLDE [28]




Cs




55
137-139 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS TRIGA Mainz [Sch78b]
123-132, 137, 130m δ<r2> LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Hub78b]
138-142 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS TRIGA Mainz [Bon79]
118-145, 119m, 121m, 122m, 130m, 134m, 135m, 136m, 138m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Thi81b]
118, 146 μI, Qs, δ<r2> LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Coc87]
126 μI OP + ABMR ISOLDE [84]





Ba





56
126, 128-134, 136, 136, 140, 129m, 133m, 135m μI, Qs, δ<r2> ABS Karlsruhe [Bek89]
122, 123, 125, 127, 139-146, 131m, 137m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Mue83]
124 δ<r2> ABS Karlsruhe [Reb80]
134-146, 148 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Wen88]
120, 121 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS Daresbury [Eas87b]
130m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [29]
127m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS DOLIS [30]
La 57 135, 137 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + LIF JAERI [81]
Ce 58 146, 148 δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ [103]
Pr 59 135-137, 141 μI CS ISOLDE [191]

Nd

60
132, 134-146, 148, 150 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Alk87]
132, 134-143 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [31]
Pm 61 143-146 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS + PI-LIST RISIKO, Mainz [197]



Sm



62
138-145, 141m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Alk87]
146,151,153 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> ABS Daresbury [Eas84]
138-145, 141m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [31]







Eu







63
145-149 δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Alk83]
141-144 δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Fed84]
151-154 Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Doe83]
147, 149, 155, 156, 152m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS Gatchina [Doe84]
140-153, 142m, 150m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Ahm85]
138, 139 δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Alk87]
155-159 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [32]
138-145 δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [31]
148, 149, 150, 151, 153 Qs, hfs anomaly MW-DR in ion trap ISOLDE [33]

Gd

64
146-160 δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [34]
145, 145m, 143m δ<r2> [104]
145, 145m μI, Qs [104]
Tb 65 147-155,157,159 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [35]

Dy

66
149, 151, 153, 155, 157, 159 I, μI, Qs CS ISOLDE [Ott89] (Table 20)
146, 148-164 δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Ott89] (Table 19)



Ho



67
152-155, 157-163, 152m, 154m, 158m, 160m, 162m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Alk87]
151-163, 151m, 152m, 154m, 156m, 158m, 160m, 162m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Ott89] (Table 20)
152-163, 152m, 153m, 154m, 158m, 160m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [36]

Er

68
153, 155, 157, 159, 161, 163, 165 I, μI, Qs CS ISOLDE [Ahm85b]
152, 154, 156, 158, 160, 162, 164 δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Ott89] (Table 21)


Tm


69
156-172 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [Alk87]
157-172 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS Gatchina [37]
153, 154, 154m μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS Gatchina [38]








Yb








70
156, 158, 160-174, 176 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Buc82] and [Ott89] (Table 23)
159, 161, 163, 165, 167, 169 I, μI, Qs [Ne83]
152-158 (even) δ<r2> GCS Stony Brook [39]
157, 159, 175 I, μI, δ<r2> CS + RIMS ISOLDE [40]
154-156, 160, 162, 164, 166 μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS Gatchina [41, 42]
155 μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS Gatchina [38]
153 μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS Gatchina [43]
176m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + LIF JYFL [78]
175, 176m, 177, 177m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ JYFL [125]

Lu

71
161-179, 166m1, 166m2, 167m, 168m, 169m, 171m, 172m, 174m, 176m, 177m, 178m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [44]




Hf




72
178m2 μI, Qs, Δνisomer CS Orsay [45]
170, 172-174 δ<r2> CS Jyväskylä [46]
171g,m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS Jyväskylä [47]
175 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ Jyväskylä [48]
178m1 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + LIF JYFL [78]
Os 76 194, 196 δ<r2> IGLIS + MR-TOF KISS, RIKEN [212]

Ir

77
182-189, 191, 193, 186m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [49]
196-198 μI, δ<r2> IGLIS KISS, RIKEN [213]






Pt






78
186-198 (even) δ<r2> [Lee88]
186-198 (even) δ<r2> RIMS ISOCELE [50]
185, 187, 189, 191, 195 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOCELE [51]
183-196, 198, 185m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [52]
178-182, 183m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [53]
183, 185, 185m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [54]
199, 199m μI, Qs, δ<r2> IGLIS KISS, RIKEN [211]
200, 201 μI, δ<r2> IGLIS KISS, RIKEN [233]










Au










79
195, 197 δ<r2> GCS ISOLDE [Klu83]
190-193, 195 δ<r2> GCS ISOLDE [Str85]
185-189, 189m μI RIMS ISOLDE [Wal87]
185-190, 189m μI, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [Wal87a]
186, 187, 190, 192, 194, 195-199 μI, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [55]
183-197 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [56]
191-194 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [57]
184, 184m μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [58]
184, 184m, 191, 193, 195 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS ISOLDE [54]
177, 189, 191, 193, 195 hfs anomaly IS-RIS ISOLDE [198]
187m μI, δ<r2> IS-RIS ISOLDE [203]
180, 182 μI, δ<r2> IS-RIS ISOLDE [206]
177, 179 I, μI IS-RIS + MR-TOF + NDD ISOLDE [223]
176ls,hs μI IS-RIS + NDD ISOLDE [225]





Hg





80
185m, 187m, 189m, 191m, 193m, 195m, 197m, 199m μI, Qs, δ<r2> GCS ISOLDE [Dab79]
182, 184, 186, 188, 190, 192, 194, 196, 198 δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Ulm86]
181-206, 185m, 187m, 189m, 191m, 193m, 195m, 197m, 199m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> Summary in [Ulm86]
177-185, 185m μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS + MR-TOF + NDD ISOLDE [185]
177-185, 185m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIMS / IS-RIS + MR-TOF + NDD ISOLDE [186]
202, 203, 206-208 δ<r2> RIMS / IS-RIS + MR-TOF ISOLDE [210]
198, 202, 203, 206-208 μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS + MR-TOF + NDD ISOLDE [226]






Tl






81
207 μI CS ISOLDE [Ne85]
189m, 191m, 193m, 193 Qs CS Oak Ridge [Bou85]
189-194, 189m, 191m, 193m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS Oak Ridge [Bou87]
188m, 190g,m-192g,m, 194g,m, 196g,m μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [59]
208 μI, δ<r2> RADRIS [60]
187, 188 μI, Qs CS Oak Ridge [61]
183g, 184m1, 185m, 185g, 186m2, 187m, 195m, 197m, 203g, 205g, 207g μI, δ<r2> IS-RIS Gatchina [135]
179-184, 184m1, 184m2, 184m3, 183m, 182m1, 182m2 I, μI, δ<r2> IS-RIS ISOLDE [168]





Pb





82
196-212, 214, 197m, 202m μI, Qs, δ<r2> ABS Karlsruhe, FR2 [Tho83], [Ans86c]
192, 194, 195m, 196, 204, 206-208 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [Din87]
190, 191, 193, 197 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS GSI [62]
185m1, m2 I, μI IS-RIS ISOLDE [63]
182-190, 183-189 δ<r2>, μI, Qs RIMS ISOLDE [105], [93]
Pb81+ 207 hfs anomaly storage ring GSI [64]


Bi


83
202, 203, 204 δ<r2>, μI, Qs GCS Stony Brook [65]
205-210, 210m, 212, 213 δ<r2>, μI, Qs GCS / ABS ISOLDE [66, 67]
208 μI, Qs CS + cooler RFQ ISOLDE [175]
193g,m, 195g,m, 197g,m δ<r2>, μI IS-RIS Gatchina [220]
189, 190m1,m2, 191, 192g,m, 194g,m, 198m δ<r2>, μI IS-RIS Gatchina [221]
211, 213 δ<r2>, μI, Qs IS-RIS Gatchina [222]
187, 188g,m, 189, 191 δ<r2>, μI, Qs IS-RIS Gatchina [224]
Bi82+ 209 hfs anomaly storage ring GSI [68]



Po



84
200, 202, 204-210 μI, Qs, δ<r2> LIF FZ Karlsruhe [69]
192-210, 216, 218 δ<r2> IS-RIS ISOLDE [106]
191hs, 193s, 193hs, 195s, 195hs, 197, 197m, 199, 199m, 201, 201m, 203, 203m, 209, 211 δ<r2> IS-RIS ISOLDE [129]
211, 216, 217, 217m, 218 μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS ISOLDE [151]
At 85 195-211, 195m, 197-198m,199m, 200m1, 200m2, 202m μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS + MR-TOF + NDD ISOLDE [179]
217-219 μI, Qs, δ<r2> IS-RIS + MR-TOF + NDD ISOLDE [194]
199 Ion. Pot. IS-RIS + NDD ISOLDE [219]

Rn

86
202, 204-212, 218-223,225, 203m I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> [Ott89] (Table 29)
209 μI SEOP + β-NMR ISOLDE [Kit88]
203m, 205, 207, 209, 211, 219, 221 μI CS ISOLDE [Bor87]












Fr












87
208-213 A, B, δν LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Lib80]
207-213, 220-228 μI, Qs, δ<r2> LIOP-SGA ISOLDE [Coc85], [Coc87]
213, 220, 221 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Duo87]
210 hfs anomaly neutral atom trap Stony Brook [70]
210 hfs neutral atom trap Stony Brook [71]
204-206, 208 I, μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ ISAC, TRIUMF [132]
202g, 202m, 203, 204g, 204m1, 204m2, 205, 206g, 206m1, 206m2, 207, 211, 220, 221 μI, δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [134]
204, 204m, 206, 206m I, μI, δ<r2> CS + cooler RFQ TRIUMF [140]
206-213, 221 δ<r2> MOT TRIUMF [144, 145]
206g, 206m, 207, 209, 213, 221 hfs anomaly MOT TRIUMF [146]
219 Qs CRIS ISOLDE [153]
206g, 206m1, 206m2 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [158]
213, 214 I, δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [159]
203, 207 Qs CRIS ISOLDE [170]
208-211 ΔνIS MOT TRIUMF [182]




Ra




88
211, 213, 221, 223, 225, 227, 229 I, μI, Qs CS ISOLDE [Ahm83]
212, 214, 221-226 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Neu88]
208-214, 220-230, 232 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CS ISOLDE [Ahm88]
213, 225 μI CS + LPOPA ISOLDE [Arn87a]
209-214 ΔνIS PTS TRIμP [117]
222-233 μI, Qs, δ<r2> CRIS ISOLDE [174]
RaF 88 223-226, 228 CRIS ISOLDE [201]
223-226, 228 ΔνIS CRIS ISOLDE [218]


Ac


89
212-215, 227 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RIS + SSGJ LISOL [165]
212-215 I, μI, Qs IGLIS & RIS + SSGJ LISOL [173]
225-229 μI, δ<r2> IS-RIS TRIUMF [193]
Pu 94 239, 241 δ<r2> CS & RIMS JYFL & Mainz [169]
Am 95 240f,242f,244f Qs, δ<r2> RADRIS Heidelberg [72, 73]
Es 99 253-255 I, μI, Qs IS-RIS RISIKO, Mainz [229]

No

102
254 IP RADRIS SHIP, GSI [160, 184]
252, 253, 254 μI, Qs, δ<r2> RADRIS SHIP, GSI [180]

Publications on Laser Spectroscopy

Details of the publications given in the table can be found here .